Libya is the third largest nation in Africa, after Sudan and Algeria. Despite this massive size, Libya has a very small population of about 5 million. It is bordered to the east by Egypt, to the southeast by Sudan, to the south by Chad and Niger, to the west by Algeria, and to the northwest by Tunisia.


Libya has an economy based primarily around its vast oil and natural gas reserves. Most of its economy is nationalized, however.


Libya is under a military, neo-socialist regime, with most of its economy being nationalized by the government. It enjoys good relations with its Arab neighbors, but it has tense relations with its southern African neighbors, Niger and Chad, due to tribal issues as well as Libyan interventions in the governments of both nations.


Libya has one of the largest air forces in the Middle East and one of the most powerful militaries in Africa. Its rivals are mainly Chad and Niger, its two southern neighbors.