The second-largest country in Africa, after Sudan. It is bordered to the east by Libya, to the northeast by Tunisia, to the west by Morocco, to the southeast by Niger, and to the southwest by Mali and Mauritania.


One of the largest and wealthiest economies in Africa. It is based mostly on exports of oil, natural gas and textile goods. Most of its exports are to Europe and the rest of the Arab world.


Algeria has a presidential republic as its government. It has good relations with most countries in the region, with the exception of Israel. Its oil-based economy means that it is a great political force as well in Europe and the West.


Algeria has one of the largest armies in Africa, after Egypt and Libya. It has an army made up of mostly Russian vehicles and weaponry.